There are primarily two types of hair transplant techniques – Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) and Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE). Here’s a brief overview of both:
1. Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT)
FUT, also known as strip harvesting, involves removing a strip of skin from the donor area (usually the back of the scalp) and dissecting it into individual hair grafts. The recipient area is then numbed with local anesthetic and tiny incisions are made where the hair grafts will be placed.
– More hair can be transplanted in a single session compared to FUE.
– The larger grafts may have better survival rates due to the presence of more tissue surrounding each follicle.
– Leaves a linear scar on the donor area.
– Longer recovery time since the strip needs to heal before the stitches can be removed.
2. Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
FUE involves extracting individual hair follicles from the donor area using a small, circular punch tool. The follicles are then transplanted into the recipient area using tiny incisions.
– No linear scarring since individual follicles are extracted instead of a strip of skin.
– Shorter recovery time compared to FUT.
– Typically more expensive since it’s a more time-consuming process.
– Fewer hair grafts can be transplanted in a single session compared to FUT, which means it may take multiple sessions to achieve the desired results.